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Vascular disease is a condition that creates abnormalities in the blood vessels - arteries and veins. The condition mostly affects blood flow either by weakening the blood vessels or blocking them, hence causing the blood flow to become irregular or slow.

Further, the disease may also cause damage to the valves that are present in the veins. Problems in the blood circulation can lead to the severe disability of the bodily functions and in the worst case, it may also lead to the death of the person as well.

Further, they can also damage other organs in the body and may lead to complete blockage of the blood flow. Read the Vascular Diseases Journal for in-depth information.

What Are The Risk Factors Involved Of Vascular Diseases?

The risk of a disease may be anything that increases the chance of a person falling ill. Different disorders have different risk factors, and they vary accordingly.

Some of the risk factors that cause vascular diseases in a person are as follows:

  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • A family history of vascular disease, strokes or heart attacks
  • High cholesterol levels
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Lack of exercise
  • Being overweight or obesity
  • Stress

What Are The Effects On A Person Due To Vascular Diseases?

The primary function of blood vessels in a body is to supply all the organs in the body with nutrients, oxygen, balance the fluids, dispose of waste products, and other functions. Since the basic blood flow of a person is affected, regular bodily functions of the person may be severely affected.

Some of the examples of effects these diseases have in a person are as follows:

  • Coronary Vascular Disease: Chest pain or angina, heart attack
  • Cerebrovascular Disease: Stroke, and transient ischemic attack. It is a temporary or sudden loss of blood flow to a particular area of the brain that may usually last from five minutes to 24 hours, with full recovery.
  • Thoracic Vascular Disease: A bulging or weakening of the wall of the blood vessels that results in abnormal widening.
  • Vascular Disease of the Great Vessels: Coarctation of the aorta, Aortic aneurysm, Takayasu's arteritis.
  • Abdominal Vascular Diseases: Abdominal aortic aneurysm
  • Lymphatic Vascular Diseases: Lymphedema
  • Peripheral Vascular Diseases: Deep vein thrombosis, varicose veins
  • Renal Vascular Diseases: Renal artery stenosis, fibromuscular dysplasia
  • Vascular Diseases of the Lungs: Wegener's granulomatosis, angiitis, hypertensive pulmonary vascular disease
  • Genitourinary Vascular Diseases: Vascular erectile dysfunction or impotence

What Are The Causes Of Vascular Diseases?

There are various conditions of the body that cause vascular diseases in the body.

Some of the major causes are as follows:

  • Trauma or Injury: An injury involving the blood vessels may lead to an infection or inflammation that in turn damages those vessels. As a result, the blood vessels either narrow down or get blocked entirely.
  • Inflammation: Inflammation of blood vessels is also referred to as vasculitis in medical terms. It involves a range of diseases. This also causes blockage or narrowing of blood vessels.
  • Embolus/Thrombus: Embolus is a tiny mass of debris that travels through the bloodstream. Thrombus is also referred to as a blood clot. These two can also cause blood flow to become irregular or stop altogether.
  • Atherosclerosis: Also called as hardening of arteries, it is the narrowing down of the arteries that may be built up by a plaque. Also, go through the Otorhinolaryngology Journal.

Vascular conditions may often involve more than one system of the body, hence consists of the need for many types of physicians. The specialists in treating these conditions work closely with physicians in other specialties or fields such as cardiology, interventional radiology, internal medicine, and other departments to ensure complete safety and recovery of the patient.

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